Malaria is a disease of poverty and mainly transmitted in rural areas where malaria vector finds conducive environment for breeding.
A wide consensus regards decrease in malaria transmission with urbanization as it leads to improved infrastructure, better quality housing i.e. "mosquito proof", increased access to quality healthcare, and a reduction in vector breeding site. However, this is not the case and malaria cases are on rise in urban areas. Population migration from rural to urban or semi-urban areas is one of the influencing factors affecting the urban malaria transmission. Whereas, location, climate, land use, local vector species and their breeding sites, waste management, and local malaria intervention programs are some of the other factors influencing malaria transmission in urban and semi-urban areas. Characterization of epidemiological and entomological drivers of urban malaria requires integrated approach for better understanding of malaria transmission in urban and semi-urban settings.
This deep dive aims to review the current landscape of research in urban and semi-urban malaria by systematically collecting data of recent and ongoing research projects.